By Tom Güldemann
The e-book represents the result of a synchronic and diachronic cross-African survey of quotative indexes. those are linguistic expressions that sign within the ongoing discourse the presence of a quote (often known as "direct said speech"). For this objective, 39 African languages have been chosen to symbolize the genealogical and geographical range of the continent. The learn relies totally on this language pattern, particularly at the research of quotative indexes and similar expressions from a textual content corpus of every pattern language, but additionally contains a wide variety of knowledge from the printed literature on different African in addition to non- African languages. it's the first typological research of direct stated discourse of this significance in a wide crew of languages. The publication might hence function a kick off point of comparable reports in different geographical parts or maybe with a world scope, in addition to stimulate extra distinct investigations of specific languages. the result of the African survey problem a number of winning cross-linguistic generalizations concerning quotative indexes and suggested discourse structures as a complete, of which are of specific curiosity. within the syntactic area, the place said discourse has quite often been handled lower than so- referred to as sentential complementation, the learn helps the minority view that direct stated discourse and likewise a wide part of oblique mentioned discourse express hardly ever any proof for the declare that the mentioned clause is a syntactic item supplement of a few matrix verb. With recognize to grammaticalization, the paintings concludes that speech verbs are, opposed to universal trust, no longer a common resource of quotatives, complementizers, and different comparable markers. way more widespread resources are markers of similarity and demeanour; established verbs of equation, inchoativity, and motion; and pronominals pertaining to the quote or the speaker. one other extra basic end of the learn is that specially direct said discourse may be fruitfully analyzed as a part of a bigger linguistic area referred to as "mimesis". This contains expressions which characterize a situation by way of enactment/ functionality instead of with assistance from "canonical" linguistic symptoms and contains, in addition to stated discourse, world-referring physically gestures, ideophone-like indicators, and non-linguistic sound.
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Quotative Indexes in African Languages: A Synchronic and Diachronic Survey (Empirical Approaches to Language Typology [EALT]) by Tom Güldemann